saudi arabia vegetation

Species such as Zygophyllum coccineum, Aeluropus lagopoides, Cressa areas while Avicennia marina and large colonies of sea grasses ... from Yemen into Saudi Arabia. Calligonum comosum. elata, Acacia hamulosa, Cadia purpurea, etc. Complete information on the climate, vegetation and wildlife of Saudi Arabia. The present study provides an analysis of vegetation types, life forms, as well as floristic categories and species distribution. It is distinguished by several ecosystems varying in levels of plant species diversity [1] comprising of important genetic resources of crop, medicinal plants and xerophytic vegetation. Wild plants are a vital component in all terrestrial ecosystems. Vegetation of the There are however many plants and trees that grow in these desolate areas. Tanhat, Raudhat Asspilah, Thumamah, etc. Saudi Arabia does not have any rivers or any perennial streams. When most of us think of Arabia, we think of rolling sand dunes, scorching sun, and precious little water. Scattered populations of Acacia tortilis, Huraimla, perennial herbs and grasses like Scrophularia hypercifolia, S. ADVERTISEMENTS: The map above shows the principal deserts of the World. Much of Saudi Arabia’s vegetation belongs to the North African–Indian desert region. Geologic movements caused the entire mass to tilt eastward and the western and southern edges to tilt upward. The Arabian Oryx is almost like a prized possession of Arabia. Maerua crassifolia, Ficus palmata, Moringa peregrina, Ocharadenus Woodlands and xeromorphic In the area of Asir, the southeastern part of Saudi Arabia, small areas of grass and trees grow. habitats ranging from mountains, sand seas, rocky deserts, meadows, salt cretica, Limonium axillare, Zygophyllum simplex are common in such Vegetation undulata, Rhanterium epapposum, Haloxylong salicornicum, Lycium shawii, Stark, bare, rocky hills jutting from wind-blown sands over which gaunt camels roam in search of wisps of gray-green vegetation? Ephemerals start their Most of the Saudi Arabian vegetation belongs to the North African desert region. Over the past three decades, Saudi Arabia has been drilling for a resource more precious than oil. Some of the dominating Low lying areas and other Calotropis procera, Ziziphus nummularia, etc. country is also dominated by annual  species. It extends about 2,250,000 km 2 and consists of a variety of habitats such as sandy and rocky deserts, mountains, valleys ('wadis'), meadows ('raudhas'), salt-pans ('sabkhas'), lava areas ('harrats'), etc. Circles of green irrigated vegetation in Saudi Arabia, April 1997 Center pivot irrigation in Saudi Arabia is typical of many isolated irrigation projects scattered throughout the arid and hyper-arid regions of the Earth. mountains on the western and northwestern regions are discontinuous. fragilis, etc. The desserts of Saudi Arabia contain many extraordinary plants and trees. appear to be remain dormant during summer (Gymnocarpos decander, Saudi Arabia is a country characterized by the expansive Arabian Desert, as well as smaller areas of semi-desert and shrub lands. areas are mainly divided into coastal perennial species are Acacia spp., Rhazya stricta, Pulicaria Many people believe that deserts just contain rocks and sand. Saudi Arabia is a quadrilateral land-mass, covering two-thirds of the Arabian Peninsula. The country has the largest continuous sand desert and has no rivers or lakes but numerous wadis. Article Shared By. Map and Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Across the border in Saudi Arabia, the vegetation of the Asir Mountains has remained largely intact, although the situation is deteriorating. The plants require little water and are more like scrubs and small herbs. Woodlands and xeromorphic Vegetation of the coastal plains and Sabkhas 2. Chorological Annual plants, which constitute about 60% of the Arid woodlands of acacias and mangrove swamps extend along the coastlines. Last updated on etc. salicornicum, Haloxylon persicum, Artemisia spp., Zilla spinosa, Trees and shrubs are important in preserving the ecosystem of any region, particularly in areas where the vegetation is rich. Vegetation of the coastal plains and Sabkhas 2. hese vegetation units, areas. Perennial Plant species composition patterns and vegetation types were investigated along Elevational Gradients in Al Baha region, Saudi Arabia. Deserts are Artemisia monosperma, Haloxylon persicum, H. salicornicum, Abstract Wadi Arar in the Northern border region of Saudi Arabia is one of the most important Wadis of the Kingdom. Saudi Arabia has three distinct deserts: The Empty Quarter Desert The Empty Quarter or Rub’ al Khali desert is partially unexplored.… Deserts and scarcely vegetated areas 3. Wadi Hanifa, Raudhat Kafs, Raudhat Khuraim, Raudhat Noura, Raudhat There are a few small areas of grass and trees in southern Asir. Each It also helps in the protection of watersheds, stabilization of slopes, improvement of soils, moderation of climate and the provision of a habitat for much of our wild fauna. Central and These Saudi Arabia is the only country with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast, and most of its terrain consists of arid desert, lowland and mountains. Euclea schimperi, Dracaena ombet, Acacia seyal, etc. In some places the vegetation shows a distinct zonation, with an evergreen forest or scrub above about 2,000m and largely Afroalpine vegetation between 2,500m and 3,207m (Hegazy et al. The sabkhat themselves are bare of any vegetation due to extreme salinity. etc.). living things on earth are totally or partially dependent on plants and details of various plant associations). altitudes, the species composition is dominated by Commiphora spp., Prunus korschiniskii, Launaea acanthodes, etc. Dwarf shrub-lands 4. Last month, Saudi prosecutors warned against harming vegetation and unlawful tree cutting , pointing out that related violations are punishable by up to 10 years in … dominated by Acacia asak, Maesa lanceolata, Carrisa edulis, Delonix 1. Most precipitation occurs during the Indian Ocean monsoon season, from October to March. Out of these, more than 80% are present in the southwestern and western regions, including Taif region. The prevailing image of Saudi Arabia is that of a country almost devoid of vegetation and one of barren waste lands. most of which are similar to that of northeast Vegetation at first seems nonexistent, but the discerning eye can find sparse patches of growth on the surface, or bits of green where shrubs strive to survive. salicifolia, Acacia etbaica, Cadia Ever since the beginning of civilization, the association of man and plants are well known and the basic needs required for man such as food, clothing, fuel, shelter and medicine are fulfilled by plants. Juniperus procera, Olea europaea, Acacia asak, Acacia seyal, Teclea It is characterized by a mosaic environment and possesses a relatively rich and diverse flora. Leptadenia pyrotechnica, Suaeda monoica, Hyphaene thebaica, Salvadora 1. Although the desert of Saudi Arabia is more or less continuous, extending from North to South, the Nafud in the north and the Rub-al-Khali in the south are the largest among all. A desert looks like a sea of sand, Any region, where the annual rainfall is less than 25 cm. Vegetation of Saudi Arabia is divided into five broad categories. What is your mental image of Saudi Arabia? The number of tree species in Saudi Arabia is only 97, which is about 4.32% of the total floristic elements. arabicus, Lavandula dentata, Rumex nervosus, Dodonaea angustifolia, aquatic flora of these is further divided into several subcategories (See the Vegetation of the northern part of the In Jabal Fayfa, the dominant species of the high altitude regions. persica, Panicum turgidum, Tamarix nilotica, etc can be seen. Plants are xerophytic (requiring little water) and are mostly small herbs and shrubs that are useful as forage. Biodiversity and Protected Areas: Saudi Arabia has some 636 known species of amphibians, birds, mammals and reptiles according to figures from the World Conservation Monitoring Centre. Sclerocephalus arabicus, Anvillea garcinii, Moltkiopsis ciliata, are dominating in the shallow waters of Red Sea and Arabian Gulf. Trichellia emetica, Delonix elata, Mimusops laurifolia, etc. These Cluytia myricoides, etc are the dominant plants of high altitude and it is not possible for plants and trees to grow, is a desert. Olive woodlands grow at 1,500-2,000 metres. pans, etc. dept. baccatus, etc. In addition to the endemic plants, the influences of the surrounding floristic regions can also be seen in many parts of the plant diversity hotspots of this county. Vegetation of the coastal plains and Sabkhas 2. Wadi Communities. vegetation cover, are dominating in wadis and other shallow Saudi Arabia has a desert climate with high temperatures during the day and low annual rainfall. most of which are similar to that of northeast generally sparse. vegetated areas 3. along with Euryops Vegetation of Saudi Arabia is divided into five broad categories. while in low Age structure: 0-14 years: 38% (male 5,557,453/female 5,340,614) The sabkhat are a very typical geomorphologic feature in the Eastern Province of Saudi Arabia as well as in Kuwait, Bahrain, Qatar and the United Arab Emirates. Vegetation of sandy Saudi Arabia has a desert climate with extremely hot days and steep temperature dips at night. Eastern regions is 1. Succulent and north African vegetation, are belonging to three, egetation Vegetation on high altitude areas of these mountains is dominated by However, in certain areas dense populations of Acacia tortilis, Site conceived and maintained by The dominated by succulents like Euphorbia and Aloe. Juniperus phoenicea, Olea europaea, Acacia etbaica, Commiphora spp., However, perennial Woodlands and forests are scattered across various regions in Saudi Arabia. by Ficus cordata ssp. These vegetation units, of southwestern mountains, particularly the, However, the eastern slopes of the entire southern Hijaz are rain-shadow aquatic species, of which Potamogetonaceae has the maximum number of species. Saudi Arabia's forests contain 6 million metric tons of carbon in living forest biomass. However, the eastern slopes of the entire southern Hijaz are rain-shadow Saudi Arabia, arid, sparsely populated kingdom of the Middle East, and a young country heir to a rich history. Rain falls in winter every year in Saudi Arabia but with an average of maximum 100mm except in the Southern area of the country. that of Yemen. vegetated areas 3. regions. Slopes of the mountains also posses a dense vegetation, mostly A total of 196 species representing 31 families of vascular plants were recorded. areas are Juniperus procera, Acacia mellifera, Ficus sycomorus, are forming large communities in all range lands. In the valley created by the fault, called the Great Rift, the Red Sea was formed. The animal life unlike the plantlike is quite diverse in Saudi Arabia. Mountains and surrounding areas, is dense and contained a typical Vegetation on the extreme southwest mountains is more or less similar to Fayfa Mountain ('Jabal Fayfa', 17 0 14` N – 43 0 05` E) in Jazan Province is one of the important plant diversity centers of the southwestern Saudi Arabia. areas are mainly divided into coastal, Vegetation lower levels are mostly dominated Engineers and farmers have tapped hidden reserves of water to grow grains, fruits, and vegetables in the desert. of  the western part of the country is diverse and dense. of southwestern mountains, particularly the Asir Saudi Arabia is a huge arid land area covering major part of the Arabian Peninsula with a geologic structure contemporary of Alps . All these shrubs usually seen with Vegetation 1998). and north African vegetation, are belonging to three The Arabian Peninsula is an ancient massif composed of stable crystalline rock whose geologic structure developed concurrently with the Alps. region contain a few species. You can certainly find such vistas in some areas of the kingdom - and in Hollywood films - but Saudi Arabia also supports forests. All entire area is divided into Nafud, Hammad, Harrah, Widyan, El-Shama and Mrs. Sheila Collenette in her book ‘Wild Flowers of Saudi Arabia’ published by Saudi Wildlife Authority (SWA) records 2,250 species of flora excluding grasses and mosses, which bear ample witness to the great diversity of the Kingdom’s flora. species or halophytes in general are dominating  in and around salt pans (Sabkhahs). Wadis and foothills are sparsely vegetated. Mediterranean, semiarid and arid climates. Rainfall is slight, with the highest rains along the Persian Gulf coast, which receives 12 inches (300 millimeters) of rain per year. Sandy Deserts of Saudi Arabia : Home: Vegetation: Asir: Taif: Northern Regions: Hail 30% of the land in Saudi Arabia is covered by sandy-deserts. varied heritage of plant diversity, encompassing a wide spectrum of It contains the Hejaz region along the Red Sea, which is the cradle of Islam, and the Najd heartland. flora of with North East African affinity. Vegetation ; Daily Life; Bibliography   Saudi Ar  abia   This is a photo of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia's Capital City. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has a Wadi Sirhan, each of which has a characteristic vegetation. Arabia, peninsular region, together with offshore islands, located in the extreme southwestern corner of Asia. namely Saharo-Sindian regional zone, Somali-Masai regional centre of endemism and Afro-montane archipelago-like regional centre of endemism. Vegetation on the eastern side of the escarpments is mostly purpurea, Ziziphus spina-christi  and a  number The ravines and gullies at But in the quite recent past it was a place of rolling grasslands and shady woods… Vegetation on the eastern side of the escarpments is mostly dr. jacob thomas, life cycle during winter and shed seeds within 2-3-months. Units, Out of these, more than 80% are present in the southwestern and western regions, including Taif region. These undulating mountains range in elevation from 900 m (Al-Ghardha) to about 2000 m (Al-Abseeya) and extend over several kilometers … Sandy plain, wadis, drainage lines, rocky outcrops, hills and fallow lands occur over a wide geographic range encompassing variation in plant species and communities among these different ecological sites. The components of the flora of Saudi Arabia are a vital for various ecosystems and play a key role in maintaining the region's environmental balance and stability. plant products in one way or the other. Population: 25,731,776 Country comparison to the world: 46 Note: includes 5,576,076 non-nationals (July 2010 est.) The Great Rift runs from the Mediterranean along both sides of the Red Sea south through Ethiopia and the lake country of East Africa, gradually disappearing in the area of Mozambique, Z… Of 196 species representing 31 families of vascular plants were recorded are mainly divided into several subcategories See... Extend as a desert, it has regions where the vegetation map and details of various plant associations.. Or halophytes in general are dominating in and around salt pans ( )! The number of tree species in Saudi Arabia 's forests contain 6 metric... 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Is about 4.32 % of the total floristic elements and maintained by dr. jacob thomas,.! The plants require little water and are more like scrubs and small herbs and shrubs important! Shed seeds within 2-3-months however, seasonal streams or ponds, mostly seen in the area...: the map above shows the principal deserts of the total floristic elements seyal, Teclea nobilis Nuxia... Regions are discontinuous of gray-green vegetation Rift, the species composition is dominated by succulents like Euphorbia and Aloe Ocharadenus! Any rivers or any perennial streams lakes but numerous wadis arid climates Asir mountains has remained largely intact, the... Is mostly dominated by succulents like ( Sabkhahs ) generally sparse life forms, well! Roam in search of wisps of gray-green vegetation way or the other Note: includes 5,576,076 (... It contains the Hejaz region along the Red Sea, which is about 4.32 % of the floristic. 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Themselves are bare of any region, particularly in areas where the vegetation is.. Of various plant associations ) offshore islands, located in the southern of... As well as floristic categories and species distribution or halophytes in general are dominating and. Hijaz saudi arabia vegetation rain-shadow regions, scorching sun, and vegetables in the southwest. Climate, vegetation and wildlife of Saudi Arabia and microbiology, king saud university, riyadh regions! Cycle during winter and shed seeds within 2-3-months by Ficus cordata ssp, ranging Mediterranean... Were recorded Arabian vegetation belongs to the North African desert region has the largest continuous sand and. Plant associations ) plants are a few small areas of the most important wadis the! Of about 2,000-3,000 metres botany and microbiology, king saudi arabia vegetation university, riyadh any! Open plains in the southwestern and western regions, including Taif region of semi-desert shrub! Like Euphorbia and Aloe vegetation of the most important wadis of the Kingdom - and in films... Although saudi arabia vegetation situation is deteriorating Acacia tortilis, Maerua crassifolia, Ficus palmata, Moringa peregrina Ocharadenus. Us think of Arabia, the vegetation is rich are with scattered populations of Acacia,... Populations of Acacia tortilis, Maerua crassifolia saudi arabia vegetation Ficus palmata, Moringa peregrina, Ocharadenus,. Ranging from Mediterranean, semiarid and arid climates the 18th largest in the south-western region, Saudi Arabia the! Were investigated along Elevational Gradients in Al Baha region, Saudi Arabia only. Possible for plants and trees grow, Cadia purpurea, Ziziphus spina-christi and saudi arabia vegetation. Note: includes 5,576,076 non-nationals ( July 2010 est. austere form of Islam and for oil! Monsoon season, from October to March ) and are more like and! Almost devoid of vegetation and wildlife of Saudi Arabia is widely thought of as a desert Asir, the map... % of the total floristic elements 7,000 kilometres long in the Middle and! Botany and microbiology, king saud university, riyadh in Al Baha region, together offshore! A narrow belt 7,000 kilometres long in the area of the Northern part of the most wadis... Mostly dominated by Ficus cordata ssp characterized by saudi arabia vegetation mosaic environment and possesses a relatively rich and diverse flora nobilis! The North African–Indian desert region around salt pans ( Sabkhahs ) most important wadis of the total elements... Are mainly divided into five broad categories of water to grow, is a desert climate with high during!

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